A One-Name Study
for the BARNUM/BARNHAM Surname
Notes for George CHOWTE
Notes on Sir George Chute, Kt., Evans Chute, Margaret Welford Chute and Ann or Anna Barnham Chute:
According to research done by descendant Steve Chute, "The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales
by Sir Bernard Burke, CB, LLD and Ulster King of Arms states that the George of Stockwell, Surrey was knighted on 14 Oct 1608 by Sir Arthur Chichester, then The Lord Deputy in Ireland for King James I. Yet WEC states he was knighted in 1660 which would have been after the Civil War and in the time of Charles II.
The date provided by Burke would have made him 22 years old, and would have been a date closer to the Ireland expedition for which it is assumed he was knighted.
Also, according to Steve Chute, "... the Virginia Charter of 1612 lists Sir George (already knighted) as well as some others from the Bethersden area and we know that George's brother Walter was a Captain with Sir Walter Raleigh in 1597. We also know that Walter was knighted before 1620 as a stockholders list of the Virginia Company lists him as Sir Walter Chute. Francis in Arundel believes that this is the George who as a teenager joined a punitive expedition to Munster in retaliation for the Desmond Rebellion that started about 1578 and dragged on for many years. He was awarded lands in Dingle and Castle Island in Munster for services rendered and his Knighthood was also probably a reflection of that. He married in Ireland and had at least one child Daniel but returned to England in 1609 and purchased the manor Stockwell. Francis thinks he then remarried probably twice more and lived to about 85 yrs."
The earlier date of 1608 makes more sense, but both are recorded. WEC: "He went into Ireland during the rebellion of Desmond, 1578, and obtained grants of land near Dingle, which were soon, however, alienated."
"Irish George (by Francis' reckoning, Sir George - Philip's grandson by son George) went as a teenager to Ireland around the time of the Desmond Rebellion which started about 1578 but dragged on in stages until about 1600/01. By 1586 Queen Elizabeth's representatives were traveling throughout southern England trying to convince members of the nobility & upper class gents to move to Munster in return for virtually free land that she had confiscated from the Earl of Desmond for his traitorous behavior, nearly a quarter million acres! It was an enterprise for the rich only as they had to supply tenant farmers for the lands as well as livestock and equipment.
George probably got one of these grants which were in the area of Dingle and Limerick. Also at this time Sir Walter Raleigh became a big landholder in the same area. There followed in Munster 15 years of 'relatively' peaceful coexistence between these 'planters' as they were called and their Irish neighbors. A certain complacency developed and the planters did not keep up their bargin with the crown to pay for men at arms. So although in 1597 it was reported that the English numbered in the thousands, after rebellion broke out again in Ulster in 1600 and spread into Munster only about 200 poorly armed English settlers could be rounded up to help put down the rebellion. George & family seem to have stayed on, perhaps earning that knighthood.
His son Daniel married Johanna MacElligott, da. of John, son of Thomas. Although much of the lands of the MacElligott clan were confiscated from time to time between 1597 and 1650, Daniel aquired through this marriage the lands of Tullygarron which became Chute Hall and the family seat, his right to this property later being confirmed in 1630, according to Burke's Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland
. Another source, Families of County Kerry
(author unknown), states that Daniel purchased the land in 1630 at which time he supposedly married Johanna. In 1659, Daniel's son Richard held Tullygarron as well as those other lands on which George had been granted a leasehold. The place was a going concern as a census for that year indicates 170 people, 10 English and 160 Irish. Richard's daughter married a daughter of a Crosbie who was the High Sheriff for Kerry. In 1660 this Crosbie selected Richard to represent Kerry in Parliament. However, this appointment was sharply disputed by the heads of the Bennerhasset family who were large and influencial landholders in Ballymacelligott.
A costly legal battle appears to have developed and again according to Burke it was these expenses that resulted in the so called 'alienation' of much of George's original leases. Of course by this time it seems according to Francis that this George was back in England and the 'fruitful & multiplying' was being left to Daniel, Richard and their descendants. They obviously did a good job."
Frederick Stephen ("Steve") Chute, British Columbia
From Cheshire, England: Parish and Probate Records Lancashire & Cheshire. Original Documents relating to Lancashire and Cheshire, 1576-1701. Exchequer: Depositions by Commission (Cheshire). 11th and 12th Charles 1st., 1635-6. Hil., No. 23. County: Cheshire Country: England. Sir Thos. Aston, Bart., versus Sir George Chute, knight, Robert Lipsicke, John Tilte, Thomas Courtier.
He held a house at Norton, near Kingston.
It is unknown whether the record listed below refers to a marriage by George himself or on behalf of one of his children. Original Documents relating to Lancashire and Cheshire, 1576-1701. Marriage Licences Granted within the Diocese of Chester.
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