A One-Name Study
for the BARNUM/BARNHAM Surname
Notes for Jean-Baptiste BRODEUR
Jean-Baptiste is said to have been from l’Assomption parish, Québec (Saint-Pierre-du-Portage-de-l'Assomption).
He was engaged on 13 Jan 1797 for Michilimakinac by Parker, Gerrard and Ogilvy. That firm was established in October 1795 for the fur trade southwest of Michilimackinac (Mackinac Island, Michigan), around the Great Lakes, and in the Timiskaming region. Parker, Gerrard, and Ogilvy was also involved in the relatively new staples trade, buying and selling wheat and flour and possibly timber and potash. When the new firm began to trade north and west of the Great Lakes as far as the Athabasca region in the late 1790s, it met with stiff competition from the North West Company.
The LaVigne surname in Canada may have originated at Trois-Rivières, a city in the Mauricie region of Quebéc, located at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence Rivers. In the earliest documents of Trois-Rivières, dating back to 1651, Nicolas Rivard was referred to with the title Sieur de la Vigne
. Nicolas was the eldest son of Pierre Rivard, and was the first of the family to arrive in New France, in 1648. The mother of Nicolas, Jeanne Mullard, owned a small piece of land in Tourouvre, named Clos de La Vigne
. That LaVigne location exists in Tourouvre to this day. Nicolas, the oldest son of Nicolas, and Antoine, his youngest son, also used the dit
name LaVigne. However, the dit
name was not routinely used after the first three generations. While most families in this line retained Rivard, there are families in Quebéc that dropped Rivard and kept LaVigne as their surname. Many of the LaVigne families were originally from the area around Nicolet, Quebéc.
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A Research Guide to the Genealogy of the
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