A Genealogy of the Barnum, Barnam and Barnham Family

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A One-Name Study for the BARNUM/BARNHAM Surname

Notes for Hopink'a ABENAKI

She is said to have been a Western Abenaki (Abnaki, Sokoki) Indian. The Abenaki are a tribe of Algonquian-speaking Indians, whose original homeland (N'dakinna = "our land") covered most of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Québec and Acadia (Nova Scotia). The Abenaki called themselves Alnanbal, meaning "men." The French used the name Sokoki for the Western Abenaki. The Abenaki language, an Algonquian dialect, is now nearly extinct. By 1992, there was only one speaker of Eastern Abenaki, and fewer than 20 of Western Abenaki in Canada and the US.

Carol Mathewson Moore writes: Most interesting [to me] is Glory of the Morning, the female chief of the Winnebago married to the French fur trader Joseph Sebrovoir Carie. Their oldest son was Spoon Decorah, married to Flight of Geese and father of Cattish/Caddish. You and some others refer to Glory of the Morning or Hopink'a as an Abenaki Indian. I can find no documentation for this, having studied Menominee history and also that of the original Abenaki tribe. Last week I visited Doty Island which, until the Winnebago lost their land to the whites (to their good friend Governor Doty), had been their traditional home. The Wisconsin historical society tells of the whites who visited her there in her old age.
That portion of North America where she was born eventually became a part of the present-day state of Wisconsin.


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