A One-Name Study
for the BARNUM/BARNHAM Surname
Notes for Lambert MCABEE
Lambert McAbee appears to have been the first member of the family to use the anglicized spelling of the surname, his forebears having spelled it as Machabée, Machabé or Macabez. He was born on 22 Dec 1762 in La Chine, Isle de Montréal, Québec, New France. La Chine (today Lachine), where Lambert McAbee was born, was first settled as the estate of Robert La Salle in 1668 and named (French La Chine = China) in mockery of his dream that it was a westward passage to China. It was settled as a town in 1675. In 1689 the town was destroyed by the Iroquois Indians and nearly all its inhabitants were massacred.
A note for Lambert which appears in the Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique (PRDH), of the Université de Montréal states "S'est etabli au Wisconsin" (he settled in Wisconsin).
He is said to have been a volunteer in the Michigan Fencibles during the War of 1812 (1812-1815). If that is so, he would have been 50 years old at the outbreak of hostilities. The Michigan Fencibles was a militia company quartered during 1813-15 at Fort Michilimakinac (Mackinac). The unit was raised in the summer of 1813, most of the enlisted men being trappers, traders and ex-militiamen of the Canadian Volunteers. The first return for the Michigan Fencibles, in the fall of 1813, showed 1 Lieutenant and 50 Rank and File. On March 5, 1814 William McKay of the 5th Battalion, Canadian Embodied Militia, became the Captain of the unit. They were disbanded in May 1815.
Notes for Lambert McAbee from The Wisconsin Creoles
, by Les and Jeanne Rentmeester (1987): Early land-grants were made over to the white settlers on the West bank of the Fox River by the Menominee tribe, and on the East side were based mainly on the Langlade grant arranged in the 1781 British-Indian Treaty. Based on the names appearing in those land titles, inhabitants at Green Bay then were Baptiste Brunette, Amable Roy, Joseph Roy, Macabez [sic], Fortier, La Rose, Lawe, Porlier, the Grignons, Franks, Ducharmes and Langevins. In the summer of 1816, American soldiers arrived at Mackinac in three sailing schooners, preparing to sail to Green Bay (formerly La Baye) to establish a fort ? taking possession of territory won by the nation during the recently-ended War of 1812. Tomah, a Menominee chief and the half-brother of Lambert McAbee's wife Kaddish (Carron) McAbee, gave the Americans the land on which to build the fort, which was located on the approximate site of the British Fort Edward Augustus and the French Fort Saint Francis. He asked only that his French "brothers" not be molested. The Fox River underwent several name changes during the subsequent years. For instance, Charles de Langlade called it the Ohio River in a 1799 Mackinac land contract which transferred his property to François Boisvert.
The language generally used in that area was French, although if a father left a child with the Tribe the Indian language was spoken. The seven McAbee children, whose father Lambert McAbee died when they were young, spoke Menominee most of the time. On one occasion, a legal document had to be translated into Chippewa so that Michael (Missal) McAbee could understand it. Chippewa was the court language of the Algonquin tribes that populated Wisconsin and was understood by all of them. The Menominee language is unusual in that it has no sounds for the letters f, l, and r. What is particularly interesting about the Wisconsin Creole period is the form of self-government that was instituted to cope with their environment and their condition as a dependency of Mackinac. Property transactions were taken care of in informal arrangements, which appeared to be of general knowledge within the community. For instance, in regard to a section of land in West Green Bay which was claimed by Kaddish McAbee (daughter of Lambert McAbee) in 1821, Joseph Roy stated that the Canadian blacksmith Charles La Fond had occupied that land first; that the next claimant was Charles de Langlade in 1778; and the third was Francis Boisvert, who sold it in 1804 to Lambert McAbee, the father of Kaddish and her six siblings. It then became known as Lot #7 on the West side of the Fox River. The following Fur-Traders and Voyageurs were active in the area between 1761 and 1834:
François Macabe of La Chine, employed in 1782 by Angus McIntosh.
Lambert Maccabe employed in 1794 by Dominic Ducharme and in 1797 by Charles de Langlade.
Antoine Macabee employed in 1831 by Amable Grignon (Fond du Lac).
Jean Baptiste Macabee employed 1822-1828 by Jean Baptiste Grignon.
Lambert Macabee employed 1793-1818 by Dominic & Paul Ducharme (Cacaline).
Lambert Macabee employed 1816-1829 by Jean Baptiste Grignon (Wisconsin River).
Michael Macabee employed in 1824 by Jean Baptiste Grignon and in 1834 by Jean Baptiste Langevin.
Regarding the 1782 contract for the employment of François Maccabé by Angus MacIntosh, Yannick Machabee (email@example.com) suggests that since he made his mark and was said not to be able to sign, this employee is obviously not Pierre-François but probably either Jean-Baptiste or his younger brother this Lambert, who would have been, respectively, 23 and 19 years old. Yannick suggests that Lambert is the most logical choice, since he must have been known by the Menominees quite a while before he married Josette, the daughter of Chief Vieux Claude. However he also allows for the possibility that it could reasonably have been Jean Baptiste, who did not marry until 1786, later went to Detroit in the 1790s where he married again in 1794, and died in 1821.
Lambert McAbee's name appears (as L. Macabey) witnessing the purchase of the present site of Kaukauna by Dominic Ducharme from the Indians in 1793. At about the same time, Lambert bought Lot #9 on the West Bank of the Fox River from François Boisvert, who had bought it from Charles de Langlade. The original owner had been a blacksmith named La Fond, who had sold it to de Langlade in 1778 along with Lot #7.
Lambert McAbee married Kaddish Carron about 1795. Kaddish Carron was the daughter of Claude Vieux Carron and a Menominee Indian woman whose name is not known. She was born about 1780. Her given name is shown in some sources as Caddish or Kattish. Her father was half French and half Abenaki Indian and her mother was a full-blood Menominee Indian.
Many of the children of Lambert and Kaddish retained their Indian speech and customs. The family also had the Indian susceptibility to disease and many died in a smallpox epidemic in 1838. Three children and one grandchild of Lambert and Kaddish (Carron) McAbee died of smallpox between April 13 and May 12 of that year.
On 14 October 1793 Pierre François Maccabé purchased land for his son Lambert Maccabé, "voyageur des pays d'en haut". The land, bought from Étienne Doré, was located in "la grande côte de Blainville". On 30 September 1795, at Montréal, Lambert Maccabé made aayment of 30 pounds through the hands of Joseph Chatelle for land bought from Étienne Doray on 14 October 1793. On 6 October 6 1798, in Montréal, Jean Baptiste Simon dit Léonard, by proxy of Lambert Maccabé received in Michilimakinac on August 18, 1798 before the notary Adhémar St-Martin, sells to Basile Simon dit Léonard, his son, land in "la grande côte de Blainville".
The Wisconsin Territory, where Lambert was born, was transferred from France to Britain in 1763. The United States acquired the territory after the Revolution in 1783, but it remained under de facto British control until after the War of 1812.
Present at his baptism were his father, his mother, Lambert Blondeau, Marie-Josèphe Simon dit Leonard and the priest Pertuis.
The new Guardian Angels parish in Lachine was founded in 1676. A first wooden 26-foot (8 m) wide by 36-foot (11 m) long chapel, built by Pierre Gaudin dit Chatillon, was located inside Fort Lachine. The first rectory was built in 1680 and was replaced five years later by a more comfortable one. The second field-stone church was inaugurated in July 1703. It had a gallery and was 34 feet (10 m) wide by 70 feet (21 m) long.
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