A One-Name Study
for the BARNUM/BARNHAM Surname
Notes for Jean-Baptiste GRIGNON
The Jean Baptiste Grignon family owned Charles de Langlade's uniform, sword and violin, which were later passed down to the Rioux family. The sword and uniform are now in the Neville Public Museum.
Family tradition says that the sword was a personal gift to Langlade from Louis XV of France (1710-1774), as a reward for his military accomplishments. Although documentation of such a gift has not been found, it is certainly true that Charles Langlade performed valuable services to the French Crown. As an example, take the following instance, quoted from "Montcalm and Wolfe" by Francis Parkman, Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1894:
"Thus the enterprise [of removing about 50 English traders from French-claimed territory] languished till, in June [of 1752], aid came from another quarter. Charles Langlade, a young French trader married to a squaw at Green Bay, and strong in influence with the tribes of that region, came down the lakes from Michillimackinac with a fleet of canoes manned by two hundred and fifty Ottawa and Ojibwa warriors; stopped a while at Detroit; then embarked again, paddled up the Maumee to Raymond's fort at the portage, and led his greased and painted rabble through the forest to attack the Demoiselle and his English friends. [N.B., "the Demoiselle" was the name given by the French to the chief of the Miami Indians (called "Old Britain" by the English) who resided at the English trading post of Pickawillany, on the Miami River in what is now the state of Ohio].
"They approached Pickawillany at about nine o'clock on the morning of the twenty-first. The scared squaws fled from the cornfields into the town, where the wigwams of the Indians clustered about the fortified warehouse of the traders. Of these there were at the time only eight in the place. Most of the Indians also were gone on their summer hunt, though the Demoiselle remained with a band of his tribesmen. Great was the screeching of war-whoops and clatter of guns. Three of the traders were caught outside the fort. The remaining five closed the gate, and stood their defense. The fight was soon over. Fourteen Miamis were shot down, the Demoiselle among the rest. The five white men held out until the afternoon, when three of them surrendered, and two, Thomas Burney and Andrew McBryer, made their escape. One of the English prisoners being wounded, the victors stabbed him to death. Seventy years of missionaries had not weaned them from cannibalism, and they boiled and eat [sic] the Demoiselle."
Langlade also seems to have been particularly prominent in the defeat of Major General Edward Braddock (1695-1755) in his attempt to capture the French-held Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh, PA). In an extremely arduous wilderness expedition, undertaken in July of 1755, Braddock's force (which, interestingly, included George Washington, then a lieutenant colonel of the Virginia Militia) was ambushed by the French and their Indian allies about 8 miles short of Fort Duquesne. Braddock was wounded and later died of his wounds.
Charles Langlade's grandson, Pierre Grignon, declared that it was Langlade who led the attack on Braddock's forces. That evidence, taken alone, is perhaps of little weight. However, both the traveller Anbury and General John Burgoyne, writing many years after the event, speak of Langlade (who was then alive) as the author of Braddock's defeat. There is little doubt, then, that he took an important part in it.
From LuMaye, J., & Bay Area Genealogical Society (Wis.). (1998). Pierre "Jacques" Grignon: From France and Canada, early Green Bay family
. Green Bay, WI: The Society, page 17: Jean Baptiste Grignon (Pierre, Pierre³, Jaques Pierre², Jaques¹) was born 23 July 1785 in Mackinac, MI (Mackinac Co), and died abt. 1832 in Green Bay, WI (Brown Co). He met (1) (Menominee Indian) QUI-PI-WA 1807. He married (2) Josette Mary Elizabeth NO-QUAS Carron 1810, daughter of SO-SHOT and NO-MO-QUAH-KIEW. She died Aft. 1850. He married (3) CAT-TISH Macabee 07 October 1824 in Brown Co., WI (Source: Marriage Record; Brown Co., WI vA #12.), daughter of Lambert Macabee and CAT-TISH Carron. She was born 1801, and died 13 April 1838 in Green Bay, WI (Brown Co) (Source: Buried Bellevue (now Allouez) Cemetery).
He was baptized at Saint Ignace Mission.
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