A One-Name Study
for the BARNUM/BARNHAM Surname
Notes for Cha-Wa-Non SOULIGNY
Son of the French trader Souligny; also called Cha-kau-cho-ka-ma and (by whites) The Old King. He was married about 1760 to an unknown Indian woman who was born about 1740 in the Wisconsin Territory. He received a commendation and a medal from the British in 1778, and was the grandfather of Chief Oshkosh. [Source: Grignon, Augustin. "Seventy-two years' recollections of Wisconsin" at Turning Points in Wis. History (www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints/); Wisconsin Historical Collections 18]
Cha-kau-cho-ka-ma [in Menominee, "Peace Chief" (ca. 1790-1826)] of the nation and maternal grandfather of the elder Oshkosh. [Source: Thwaites, Reuben Gold. Stories of the Badger State (N.Y.: American Book Co., 1900.
His grandson, Chief Oshkosh, was born in 1795. He was often called "The Brave" but his actually name means "Claw." When he was about 15 years old he was placed under the guidance of Tomah by his grandfather, who was the Head Chief at that time. Oshkosh became the Head Chief in 1827 after Tomah and his grandfather passed away. In 1842, his Band of 105 families was located on the upper Wisconsin River. When he moved to the Reservation in 1852, he settled on the west side of Keshena Falls. He negotiated all the Treaties except the 1831 Treaty in Washington DC. When the Menominee delegation returned from Minnesota, in 1850, he remarked that: "He preferred a home somewhere in Wisconsin, for the poorest region in Wisconsin was better than the Crow Wing." He died in 1858 at his home on the Wolf.
From its discovery in 1624, this territory was settled primarily by French fur traders until its transfer from France to Britain in 1763.
Wisconsin remained a territory of the United States from the end of the War of 1812 until it was admitted to the Union as the 30th state on 29 May 1848.
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