A One-Name Study
for the BARNUM/BARNHAM Surname
Notes for Thomas HANFORD
== Biography ==
=== Parentage ===No birth or baptismal record for Thomas Hanford has been found, perhaps because Alverdiscott, Devonshire has a gap in the parish baptismal records between February 1614/5 and July 1627 with few exception.
Genealogists, including Holman and Anderson, however, have always accepted as fact that Thomas Hanford was the daughter of [[Hanford-44|Jeffrey Hanford]] and [[Hatherly-3|Eglin (Hatherly) Hanford]],
based on (i) the fact that he received a bequest in the will of Timothy Hatherly (Eglin's brother), in the same part of the will that Timothy made bequests to the families of Eglin's daughters,
(ii) Thomas Hanford witnessed the will of Lettice Hanford's first husband, Edward Foster,
and (iii) the simple fact that his last name was Hanford and we arrived in Scituate shortly after Eglin and her daughters.
The discovery of copies of Jeffrey Hanford's noncupative will (which prior researchers, including Holman and Anderson did not seem to have had), however, raises serious issues regarding the dates of birth and the parentage of both Thomas and his purported sister Elizabeth Hanford. Two, fairly consistent, versions of the will exist. Copies are not currently available through any on-line source, but copies obtained form the Devon Heritage Centre are attached to this profile. Both versions include bequests to daughters Margaret, Lettis and Susan, to wife Eglin/Enlyn, and to an unborn child that Eglin/Enlyn was then carrying. Neither version mentions a daughter Elizabeth or a son Thomas. The possibilities are (i) Jeffrey did not make a bequest in his will to a living child, despite making bequests to his other living children and an unborn child (highly unlikely), (ii) Jeffrey's will did include a bequest to fourth living child (either Elizabeth or Thomas) but the surviving copies of the will are incomplete and omit them (unlikely), (iii) Thomas was the unborn child at the time of the 1626 will, Elizabeth Hanford was not the daughter of Jeffrey and Eglin Hanford, and the transcriptions of the 1635 passenger list of the ''Planter''
are incorrect in describing Elizabeth as Eglin's daughter (and, instead, Elizabeth was perhaps just another child accompanying Eglin, similar to Rodulphus Elmes and Tho. Stansley, who were also in Eglin's party) (plausible), or (iv) Elizabeth was the unborn child at the time of the 1626 will, the transcriptions of the 1635 passenger list of the ''Planter'' are incorrect in stating that Elizabeth was 14 (since, if the unborn child at the time of the 1626 will, she would only have been about 9), and Thomas Hanford was not the son of Jeffrey and Eglin Hanford (and, instead, Thomas was perhaps Jeffrey's cousin or nephew) (also plausible).
As a result of the doubts raised by Jeffrey Hanford's will, Elizabeth's parentage must be considered somewhat uncertain.
=== Second Marriage ===Reverend Thomas Hanford married Mary Miles on 22 October 1661 in New England.
[ Torry, Clarence A. New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004. ]
== Sources ==
[[https://archive.org/stream/abstractsexisti00mugfgoog#page/n24/mode/2up Roger Granville and W.E. Mugford, "Abstracts of the Existing Transcripts of the Lost Parish Registers of Devon, 1596-1644," Volume I - A-Bra, 1908, pp 12-13]]
[[https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89067408831;view=1up;seq=509 Mary Lovering Holman, "Ancestry of Colonel John Harrington Stevens and his Wife Frances Helen Miller," 1948, pp 485-7]]
[[https://archive.org/stream/originallistsofp00hottuoft#page/56/mode/2up John Camden Hotten, "The Original Lists of Persons of Quality . . . Who Went from Great Britain to the Amercan Plantations 1600-1700," 1874, pp 55-56]]
[[https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/2496/42521_b158314-00288?pid=25630 Anderson, Robert Charles, "Eglin Hanford," The Great Migration, Vol 3, G-H, New England Historical and Genealogical Society, pp 205-6]]
Hall, Edwin. ''[[Space:The Ancient Historical Records of Norwalk, Connecticut|The Ancient Historical Records of Norwalk, Connecticut]]'' (James Mallory & Co., Norwalk, 1847) [https://books.google.com/books?id=vwYCAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA165 Page 165]*
Van Hoosear, David Hermon. ''[[Space:A Complete Copy of the Inscriptions Found on the Monuments, Headstones, &c., in the Oldest Cemetery in Norwalk, Conn.|A Complete Copy of the Inscriptions Found on the Monuments, Headstones, &c., in the Oldest Cemetery in Norwalk, Conn.]]'' (Standard Assoc., Bridgeport, Conn., 1895) [https://archive.org/stream/completecopyofin00vanh#page/22/mode/1up Page XXII]*
Banks, Charles. ''[[Space:The History of Martha's Vineyard|The History of Martha's Vineyard]]'' (G.H. Dean, Boston, 1911) Vol. 2: Town Annals. [https://books.google.com/books?id=7ZAlAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA1-PA61 Page 61]
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